“With three children, two stores, and an active auction business on the side, Fong See required more help. On January 3, 1904, Fong Yun and his older brother Quong arrived in San Francisco Bay on theĀ Coptic. Unlike Fong See and his family, the brothers were detained and treated as common immigrants–just two members of a nameless “horde” of Chinese that the United States was determined to keep out. The inspectors made thorough physical examinations of both men, matching Quong to his original exit file and noting the Fong Yun had a small mole on his forehead, small pockmarks on his neck, and a large amount of hair on his legs” (OGM, page 77).

Please click on a photo below to learn more about these events.

Alien Land Act of 1870

Alien Land Act of 1870

The Driving Out

The Driving Out

Wyoming Massacre at Rock Springs

Wyoming Massacre at Rock Springs (Photo courtesy of Wyoming State Archives)

L.A. Riot & Massacre, 1871

L.A. Riot & Massacre, 1871 (Photo courtesy of Los Angeles Public Library)

Exclusion Act of 1882

Exclusion Act of 1882 (“Young Aristocrats,” Pictures of Old Chinatown by Arnold Genthe, 1908)

Geary Act of 1892

Geary Act of 1892

Angel Island

Angel Island

Second Exclusion Act, 1924

Second Exclusion Act, 1924

Alien Registration Act, 1940

Alien Registration Act, 1940

Repeal of Chinese Exclusion Act, 1943

Repeal of Chinese Exclusion Act, 1943

McCarran-Walter Act, 1952

McCarran-Walter Act, 1952

Refugee Relief Acts

Refugee Relief Acts